Format of Original
American Society for Microbiology
Journal of Bacteriology
Original Item ID
PubMed Central, PMCID: PMC218531
Three glycerol-nonutilizing mutants deficient in the mitochondrial glycerol-3-phosphate (G3P) dehydrogenase (EC 18.104.22.168) were isolated from inlts derivatives of Neurospora crassa following inositolless death at elevated temperatures on minimal glycerol medium. These mutants failed to grow on glycerol as a sole carbon source, but could grow on acetate, glucose, or mannitol media and were female fertile in genetic crosses, thereby distinguishing them from the previously reported polyol-protoperithecial defective Neurospora mutants. In addition, these glp mutants exhibited a distinct morphological alteration during vegetative growth on sucrose slants and colonial growth on sorbose-containing semicomplete medium. The glp-2 locus was assigned a location between arg-5 and nuc-2 on chromosome IIR on the basis of two-factor crosses and by duplication coverage by insertional translocation ALS176, but not NM177. All mutations were allelic as judged from the absence of both complementation in forced heterokaryons and genetic recombination among glp-2 mutations. The reversion frequency of all three mutations was less than 1010, indicating probable deletions in these strains. No G3P dehydrogenase activity could be detected in either cytosolic or mitochondrial extracts from mutant strains grown on glycerol, glucose, or galactose media. These results suggest that the glp-2 locus may be the structural gene for both the cytosolic and mitochondrial forms of G3P dehydrogenase or for a cytosolic precursor of the mitochondrial G3P dehydrogenase. The defect is specific for the G3P dehydrogenase since normal activities of the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase and succinate dehydrogenase and the cytosolic glycerol dehydrogenase and dihydroxyacetone phosphate reductase are detected in mutant extracts. During attempted growth of glp-2 mutants on glycerol media, there was an accumulation of G3P in culture filtrates, a reduction in the mycelial growth rate, and a decreased level of glycerokinase induction.