Document Type

Article

Language

eng

Format of Original

14 p.

Publication Date

9-2008

Publisher

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

Source Publication

Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology

Source ISSN

0160-2446

Original Item ID

doi: 10.1097/FJC.0b013e3181831337

Abstract

Inhibition of Na+/H+ exchange (NHE) during ischemia reduces cardiac injury due to reduced reverse mode Na+/Ca2+ exchange. We hypothesized that activating NHE-1 at buffer pH 8 during ischemia increases mitochondrial oxidation, Ca2+ overload, and reactive O2 species (ROS) levels and worsens functional recovery in isolated hearts and that NHE inhibition reverses these effects. Guinea pig hearts were perfused with buffer at pH 7.4 (control) or pH 8 +/- NHE inhibitor eniporide for 10 minutes before and for 10 minutes after 35- minute ischemia and then for 110 minutes with pH 7.4 buffer alone. Mitochondrial NADH and FAD, [Ca2+], and superoxide were measured by spectrophotofluorometry. NADH and FAD were more oxidized, and cardiac function was worse throughout reperfusion after pH 8 versus pH 7.4, Ca2+ overload was greater at 10-minute reperfusion, and superoxide generation was higher at 30-minute reperfusion. The pH 7.4 and eniporide groups exhibited similar mitochondrial function, and cardiac performance was most improved after pH 7.4+eniporide. Cardiac function on reperfusion after pH 8+eniporide was better than after pH 8. Percent infarction was largest after pH 8 and smallest after pH 7.4+eniporide. Activation of NHE with pH 8 buffer and the subsequent decline in redox state with greater ROS and Ca2+ loading underlie the poor functional recovery after ischemia and reperfusion.

Comments

Accepted version. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology. Vol. 52, No.3 (September 2008):236-244. DOI. © Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc. 2008. Used with permission.

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