Thermal Degradation of Acetate-Intercalated Hydroxy Double and Layered Hydroxy Salts
Two hydroxy double salts (HDSs), zinc copper hydroxy acetate (ZCA) and zinc nickel hydroxy acetate (ZNA), and an analogous layered compound, zinc hydroxy acetate (ZHA), have been prepared by a coprecipitation method. The thermal degradation of these materials was characterized via thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential thermal analysis (DTA), and TGA coupled with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy of gas-phase products, TGA-FTIR. Loss of physisorbed and interlayer H2O was observed between 50 and 150 °C for all compounds. Acetic acid, acetone, water, and CO2 were released at high temperatures with relative acetone yields found to be dependent on precursor identity, with very little formed from ZCA compared with ZHA and ZNA. Combined FTIR and XRD analysis of solid residues extracted at different points in the heating profile suggests that ketonization occurs via dissociative adsorption of acetic acid on ZnO surfaces. Nanometer-sized ZnO particles were formed from ZHA, showing slight preferential growth in the ZnO (002) lattice direction, while the presence of a second metal, Ni or Cu, served to retard ZnO crystallite growth at temperatures below 600 °C and eliminate preferential growth. ZCA leads to the formation of reduced copper species (metallic copper and Cu2O) when heated to 250 °C.