Polymer Engineering & Science
An organically modified magadiite has been prepared and used to make a mixed intercalated-exfoliated polystyrene nanocomposite by bulk polymerization. This system gives excellent improvement in mechanical properties, but the thermogravimetric analysis curves do not show any change in the onset of the degradation and the degradation pathway is not changed from that for virgin polystyrene, unlike the situation for an aluminosilicate clay, monlmorillonite. By cone calorimetry, the peak heat release rate is not changed, again unlike the results with the aluminosilicate. This suggests that not all clays exhibit the same behavior in nanocomposite formation.