The 1.20 Å Resolution Crystal Structure of the Aminopeptidase from Aeromonas proteolytica Complexed with Tris: A Tale of Buffer Inhibition
The aminopeptidase from Aeromonas proteolytica (AAP) is a bridged bimetallic enzyme that removes the N-terminal amino acid from a peptide chain. To fully understand the metal roles in the reaction pathway of AAP we have solved the 1.20 Å resolution crystal structure of native AAP (PDB ID = 1LOK). The high-quality electron density maps showed a single Tris molecule chelated to the active site Zn2+, alternate side chain conformations for some side chains, a sodium ion that mediates a crystal contact, a surface thiocyanate ion, and several potential hydrogen atoms. In addition, the high precision of the atomic positions has led to insight into the protonation states of some of the active site amino acid side chains.