Nucleophilic Addition to (3-Methylpentadienyl)iron(1+) Cations: Counterion Control of Regioselectivity; Application to the Enantioselective Synthesis of 4,5-Disubstituted Cyclohexenones
Journal of the American Chemical Society
The regioselectivity of malonate addition to (3-methylpentadienyl)Fe(CO)3+ is controlled by the malonate−counterion association. The Li+ salt of malonate proceeds via C1 nucleophilic attack to afford the 1,3Z-diene complex 4a, while reaction of highly dissociated ion pair (i.e., Na+ or Li+/12-crown-4) salt proceeds at the C2 internal carbon to eventually afford cyclohexenone products 6. Reaction of 1a with the sodium salt of bis(8-phenylmenthyl)malonate proceeds with excellent diastereocontrol to afford a single diastereomeric cyclohexenone.