Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Demerdash, Nabeel A. O.
Ionel, Dan M.
In this dissertation, fault-tolerant capabilities of permanent magnet (PM) machines were investigated. The 12-slot 10-pole PM machines with V-type and spoke-type PM layouts were selected as candidate topologies for fault-tolerant PM machine design optimization problems. The combination of 12-slot and 10-pole configuration for PM machines requires a fractional-slot concentrated winding (FSCW) layout, which can lead to especially significant PM losses in such machines. Thus, a hybrid method to compute the PM losses was investigated, which combines computationally efficient finite-element analysis (CE-FEA) with a new analytical formulation for PM eddy-current loss computation in sine-wave current regulated synchronous PM machines. These algorithms were applied to two FSCW PM machines with different circumferential and axial PM block segmentation arrangements. The accuracy of this method was validated by results from 2D and 3D time-stepping FEA. The CE-FEA approach has the capabilities of calculating torque profiles, induced voltage waveforms, d and q-axes inductances, torque angle for maximum torque per ampere load condition, and stator core losses. The implementation techniques for such a method are presented. A combined design optimization method employing design of experiments (DOE) and differential evolution (DE) algorithms was developed. The DOE approaches were used to perform a sensitivity study from which significant independent design variables were selected for the DE design optimization procedure. Two optimization objectives are concurrently considered for minimizing material cost and power losses. The optimization results enabled the systematic comparison of four PM motor topologies: two different V-shape, flat bar-type and spoke-type, respectively. A study of the relative merits of each topology was determined. An automated design optimization method using the CE-FEA and DE algorithms was utilized in the case study of a 12-slot 10-pole PM machine with V-type PM layout. An engineering decision process based on the Pareto-optimal front for two objectives, material cost and losses, is presented together with discussions on the tradeoffs between cost and performance. One optimal design was finally selected and prototyped. A set of experimental tests, including open circuit tests at various speeds and on-load tests under various load and speed conditions, were performed successfully, which validated the findings of this work.