Document Type


Publication Date


Source Publication

Journal of Counseling Psychology

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Eleven European American psychotherapists' use of self-disclosure in cross-cultural counseling was studied using consensual qualitative research. As reasons for self-disclosing, therapists reported the intent to enhance the counseling relationship, acknowledge the role of racism/oppression in clients' lives, and acknowledge their own racist/oppressive attitudes. Results indicated that therapists typically shared their reactions to clients' experiences of racism or oppression and that these self-disclosures typically had positive effects in therapy, often improving the counseling relationship by helping clients feel understood and enabling clients to advance to other important issues.


Accepted version. Journal of Counseling Psychology, Vol. 53, No. 1 (January 2006): 15-25. DOI. This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.