Evaluation of a Community-Based Parenting Program with the Parents of Young Children
Early Child Development and Care
This study evaluated the ecological effectiveness of a cognitive‐behavioral parenting program for parents of children aged one to five years old offered through community‐based family resource centers. Ninety‐one parents completed the program and showed significant decreases between pre‐test and post‐test in use of verbal and corporal punishment as well as significant increases in nurturing behaviors as measured by the Parent Behavior Checklist (PBC; Fox, 1994). Reported child behavior problems also reduced significantly. Two‐month follow‐up showed that changes were maintained in parental nurturing but not discipline. Forty percent of parents also met Jacobsen and Truax's (1991) criteria for clinically significant change on at least one PBC scale. Implications for the effectiveness of the parenting program and its application to the prevention of behavior problems are discussed.