Testing the Cross-National Applicability of U.S. and Russian Advertising Belief and Attitude Measures

Document Type




Format of Original

12 p.; 28 cm

Publication Date



Routledge (M.E. Sharpe)

Source Publication

Journal of Advertising

Source ISSN


Original Item ID

doi: 10.1080/00913367.1994.10673432; Shelves: HF 5801 .J59 1994 v. 23, Memorial Periodicals


Examining the cross-national applicability of advertising measures is becoming increasingly important, especially in rapidly changing countries such as Russia. Therefore, our study's purpose is first to demonstrate recommended procedures for testing the cross-national equivalence of advertising belief and attitude measures. Then, we conduct an initial cross-national comparison of beliefs and attitudes toward advertising in general between student samples from both the U.S. (n=148) and from Russia (n=64). Results indicate that, while Russian respondents felt advertising is more essential, U.S. respondents felt advertising resulted in greater negative social effects. Also, U.S. respondents were more favorable toward the institution of advertising (its purpose and effects), with no differences for the instrument of advertising (its methods and practices). Russian respondents' attitudes toward advertising in general were more favorable than those of U.S. respondents.


Journal of Advertising, Vol. 23, No. 1 (March 1994): 71-82. DOI.