Document Type

Article

Language

eng

Format of Original

22 p.

Publication Date

2-2012

Publisher

San Diego State University

Source Publication

Mobilization: An International Journal

Source ISSN

1086-671X

Abstract

In contrast to prevalent theories of terrorism, this study develops a contention-oriented approach where levels and forms of political violence against civilians depend upon: (1) the strategies of combatants; (2) the means of contention; (3) the locations of allies and opponents; (4) the collective identities of combatants; and (5) the dynamics of contention, including whether or not representatives of paramilitary organizations are included in formal peace processes. Quantitative analyses of a multi-source database of civilian deaths taking place in Northern Ireland between 1966 and 2006 offer preliminary support for this approach. The study underscores the insights provided by theories and methods used in the fields of social movements research and peace and conflict studies.

Comments

Published version. Mobilization: An International Journal, Vol. 17, No. 1 (February 2012): 27-48. Publisher Link. © San Diego State University 2012. Used with permission.

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