Liberty at the Merry-go-round: Leisure, Politics, and Municipal Authority on the Paseo del Prado in Madrid, 1760-1939

Document Type




Format of Original

22 p.

Publication Date



Intellect Ltd.

Source Publication

Journal of Urban Cultural Studies

Source ISSN



The article offers an overview of the leisure activities on the Prado Promenade in Madrid (Spain) in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It argues that a historical inquiry into the regulation of urban leisure is relevant for understanding the debates that the Occupy movements of 2011–12 opened up: (1) the meaning of mass public gatherings with the purpose of spending free time; and (2) the balance of power between the state, the city and commerce intertwined in the current definition of publicness. The City Council’s decisions about the methods and the scope of its control over leisure spaces such as the Prado reveal the ambiguous nature of municipal authority as a representative of the people as well as a mediator between the state and the vendors.


Journal of Urban Cultural Studies, Vol. 1, No. 1 (March 2014): 85-106. Publisher Link.