Christian Theology: The Spirit

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Christian theology - the Spirit;pneumatology (theology of the Spirit) - approached in either of two ways, analogy with Christology being helpful;Christology, traditionally focusing - on the person of Jesus Christ, how Christ is both human and divine;Paul's view of the Spirit, being consistent with later doctrinal developments - in Paul, distinction between agency of the Spirit and that of God the Father;Paul's way of speaking of the relationships - between God, the risen Christ, and the Spirit finding “its most lasting expression in a Trinitarian understanding of God”;identification of Christ with the Spirit, a long history - hearkening back to Wilhelm Bousset, “two entities” Kyrios and Pneuma “merging”;Pauline studies, while dated in many ways - lending itself to the present debate, over Christological and pneumatological identity and distinction;equivalence between the Thomistic invisible missions - of Son and Spirit and the Pauline experiential matrix of the risen Christ and the Spirit;recent turn to Spirit - christologies in contemporary systematic theology, much to learn from Paul and disputes in Pauline scholarship reviewed;The gospel, Christian initiation, and the knowledge of God - Paul making no direct reference to the Holy Spirit in his own conversion account (Gal 1:12–24)

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • The Person of the Holy Spirit
  • The Work of the Holy Spirit
  • Conclusion
  • References


“Christian Theology: The Spirit,” in The Blackwell Companion to Paul. Eds. Stephen Westerholm . West Sussex, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 2011, pp. 561-575, onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/9781444395778.ch35/summary.