Date of Award

Spring 1950

Degree Type

Thesis - Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Chemistry

Abstract

The synthesis of fatty acids has occupied the attention of countless investigators in the field of organic and biochemistry for almost a century. With his varied techniques and specialized equipment, the modern organic chemist has not only duplicated most of the fatty acids produced by plants and animals, but he has further advanced man's knowledge of the world about him by synthesizing acids which had no previous existence in nature. The preparation of the fatty acids through malonic ester has long been recognized by investigators as one of the most practical and feasible methods at their disposal. The method lends itself equally well to the preparation of short or long chain fatty acids. Through the mechanism of this synthesis, the author has endeavored to prepare several isomers of stearic acid and report on their physical properties. The research is particularly pointed toward the synthesis of those iso-stearic acids which are in the liquid state at ordinary room temperatures. The author also set out to investigate the preparation of secondary and tertiary substituted malonic esters with a view of preparing stearic acid isomers containing chains with multiple branching.

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