Date of Award

Spring 2017

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Clinical Psychology

First Advisor

Gordon, Nakia S.

Second Advisor

Nielson, Kristy

Third Advisor

Hoelzle, Jim

Abstract

As individuals experience the world, they must also appropriately modulate their responses to fit their environment. The manner in which one regulates their emotion can vary greatly and influence a number of factors, including self-reported affect and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). The majority of research on emotion regulation examines the deliberate, or explicit, regulation of emotion. However, the automatic or implicit regulation of emotion is an important cognitive process that yields several benefits. Recent research demonstrates benefits of using implicit reappraisal; however, no work has been done to examine other implicit strategies. The current study primed implicit reappraisal and suppression prior to two rounds of a distressing math task. Participants (N = 65) rated subjective emotional experience and RSA was recorded at three time points. Results demonstrated a main effect of time for affect, such that affect deteriorated over time. RSA significantly increased during the first round but decreased during the second round of the math task compared to baseline. No significant differences by condition were observed, possibly indicative of comparable implicit regulatory responses by both groups when called to regulate during a lengthy and arduous task. Therefore, more work is needed to examine if various strategies can be primed implicitly, depending on context, and how they may influence functioning.

Available for download on Saturday, May 12, 2018

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