In three forests that differed in annual rainfall and seasonality, the probability of a liana with a stem ≥2.0 cm stem diameter reaching the canopy was >50 percent. Lianas reached the canopy at significantly smaller size‐classes (1.5 cm) in the wet aseasonal forest, suggesting that this estimate changes with forest type. Nevertheless, as a general rule, we suggest that 2.0 cm is the minium stem diameter to examine the abundance and diversity of canopy lianas or canopy competition between lianas and trees.
Kurzel, Brian P.; Schnitzer, Stefan A.; and Carson, Walter P., "Predicting Liana Crown Location from Stem Diameter in Three Panamanian Lowland Forests" (2006). Biological Sciences Faculty Research and Publications. 790.
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