Date of Award

Summer 2006

Document Type

Dissertation - Restricted

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)



First Advisor

Hagen, Kenneth

Second Advisor

Schmitt, John

Third Advisor

Donnelly, Patrick


This dissertation responds to the belief of many scholars that Nicholas of Lyra simply copied material from St. Thomas Aquinas' biblical commentaries. A general reading might support this belief, because Lyra did borrow ideas and statements from his predecessor's work. A careful reading will show, however, that Lyra never appropriated the work of Aquinas without first sifting it through the filter of his own understanding of the biblical text. The work of this dissertation presents such a careful reading of Nicholas of Lyra's Postilla on Job in comparison to the Expositio super lob ad litteram of St. Thomas Aquinas. Significant portions of the texts will be critically compared and through a detailed analysis will demonstrate that even though frequent similarities exist, Lyra never simply copied the work of Aquinas. Lyra's changes range from change as little as a single word, to as much as a whole paragraph of information. In doing so, Lyra utilized his predecessor's work to advance his own interpretation of the biblical text. An extensive discussion of both Lyra's theological agenda and his literary agenda as he commented on Job will also emerge from this close comparison of the two scholars' respective work. As Lyra both actively and passively responded to Aquinas' agendas his own become readily apparent.



Restricted Access Item

Having trouble?