Relationship of Cognitive Style and Theoretical Orientation to Psychology Interns' Preferences for Supervision
American Psychological Association
Journal of Counseling Psychology
This study (N = 106) investigated the effects of cognitive style and theoretical orientation on psychology interns' judgments about the type of supervision they find most beneficial. Preferences for task-oriented and relationship-oriented supervision have been hypothesized to indicate lower and higher levels of professional development, respectively. This study, however, found that trainees' cognitive styles and the behavioral emphasis of their theoretical orientations were also significantly related to their preferences for these two types of supervisory environments. Individual-difference variables in addition to developmental level may need to figure more prominently in future models of psychotherapist training and supervision.