American Psychological Association
Professional Psychology: Research and Practice
Complex ethical and legal issues are involved when an HIV-positive client presents a danger to others as a result of engaging in unprotected sex or needle sharing. This article presents a detailed assessment-and-intervention model that is based on the integration of ethical and legal principles with information about the level of risk associated with a client's behavior, the HIV status of the client, and the sexual or needle-sharing partner's awareness of the client's HIV status. Appropriate interventions, including the duty to warn, are identified for each of the risk levels.
Melchert, Timothy and Patterson, Michele M., "Duty to Warn and Intervention with HIV-Positive Clients" (1999). College of Education Faculty Research and Publications. 472.
ADA Accessible Version