Format of Original
Journal of School Counseling
A three-page questionnaire was modified to a one-page format. Questionnaires were administered in classroom groups to 300 middle school students. Classrooms were randomly divided into two groups, with one group receiving the original three-page format and the other receiving a single-page version of the same questionnaire. The visual layout of the two versions was different, and included variations in font, placement of response options, and spacing. Item non-response was greater for the single-page format. No statistically significant differences were detected between response patterns or internal consistency of the two versions of the questionnaire. Implications for school counselors are discussed.
Bauman, Sheri; Steiner, Robert; and Lopez, Francesca, "Visual Layout of Print Questionnaires: Effect on Responses of Middle School Students" (2007). College of Education Faculty Research and Publications. 98.