Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology
Surface adhesion phenomena of gold-plated copper contact materials are studied in conditions of nonarc load (5/15/25 V and 0.2/0.5/1 A) and superlow speed (25 and 50 nm/s) realized by a piezoactuator during the making and breaking processes. It is shown that softening and melting of local asperities leads to interface adhesion, which results from the joule heat generated by the contact resistance; it is determined that the change of contact force with time obeys the negative exponential distribution and the time constant is associated with the adhesion force directly. Based on the fitting experimental data, the relationship between the adhesion force F z and the contact resistance R d while breaking can be expressed as F z ∝ R d -1 , which indicates that the main component of contact resistance is the bulk resistance of weld nugget and the constriction resistance is negligible.
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