Title

Angiotensin II and VEGF are Involved in Angiogenesis Induced by Short-Term Exercise Training

Document Type

Article

Language

eng

Publication Date

9-2001

Publisher

American Physiological Society

Source Publication

American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology

Source ISSN

0002-9513

Abstract

Results from our laboratory have suggested a pathway involving angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptors and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in angiogenesis induced by electrical stimulation. The present study investigated if similar mechanisms underlie the angiogenesis induced by short-term exercise training. Seven days before training and throughout the training period, male Sprague-Dawley rats received either captopril or losartan in their drinking water. Rats underwent a 3-day treadmill training protocol. The tibialis anterior and gastrocnemius muscles were harvested under anesthesia and lightly fixed in formalin (vessel density) or frozen in liquid nitrogen (VEGF expression). In controls, treadmill training resulted in a significant increase in vessel density in all muscles studied. However, the angiogenesis induced by exercise was completely blocked by either losartan or captopril. Western blot analysis showed that VEGF expression was increased in the exercised control group, and both losartan and captopril blocked this increase. The role of VEGF was directly confirmed using a VEGF-neutralizing antibody. These results confirm the role of angiotensin II and VEGF in angiogenesis induced by exercise.

Comments

American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology, Vol. 281, No. 3 (September 2001): H1163-H1169. DOI.

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