Liana species richness, abundance and relationship with trees in the Bobiri forest reserve, Ghana: Impact of management systems
Forest Ecology and Management
Forest management practices which may represent various forms of disturbance regimes could influence liana species richness, abundance and relationship with their hosts. The study sought to determine the impacts of three management systems, namely, the Selection, Tropical Shelterwood and Post Exploitation Systems (SS, TSS and PES respectively) on liana species richness, abundance and relationship with trees in the Bobiri forest reserve, Ghana. Lianas with dbh â€šÃ¢â€¢ 2 cm found on trees with dbh â€šÃ¢â€¢ 10 cm were enumerated in 1 ha plot each in the SS, TSS and PES. All trees (dbh â€šÃ¢â€¢ 10 cm) within the plots that did not carry lianas were also enumerated. A total of 640 liana individuals belonging to 27 species, 22 genera and 13 families were identified in the management systems. Griffonia simplicifolia (Vahl ex DC.) Baill., Motandra guineensis (Thonn.) A.DC. and Calycobolus africanus (G.Don) Heine were the abundant species in all the management systems. Unlike in SS, lianas in the TSS and PES were dominated by a few species. Larger diameter lianas were more abundant in the PES (32%) compared with the SS (18.3%) and the PES (13.1%). Liana diversity (Hâ€šÃ„â‰¤) (species richness and abundance) was quantitatively higher in the SS (2.8) than the TSS (2.2) and the PES (2.0). The numbers of lianas carried by tree species differed significantly in the management systems (p < 0.001 each). Liana infestation in the forest was high. The level of liana infestation did not reflect the extent of liana load per tree in the management systems. Larger trees carried significantly more liana individuals than smaller trees in the PES (p = 0.019, r2 = 0.15). There was a positive significant relationship between host dbh and liana dbh in the PES (p < 0.001, r2 = 0.23) and TSS (p = 0.024, r2 = 0.11). Tree diversity appeared to have influenced liana species richness and abundance.