Supplemental protocol for liana censuses

Document Type


Publication Date


Volume Number


Source Publication

Forest Ecology and Management


Lianas affect many aspects of tropical forest dynamics and thus the study of their ecology is critical for a comprehensive understanding of tropical forest ecology. Recently, we initiated a complete census of all lianas ≥1 cm diameter in the 50 ha forest dynamics plot on Barro Colorado Island, Panama using the census protocol developed by Gerwing et al. [Gerwing, J.J., Schnitzer, S.A., Burnham, R.J., Bongers, F., Chave, J., DeWalt, S.J., Ewango, C.E.N., Foster, R., Kenfack, D., Martinez-Ramos, M., Parren, M., Parthasarathy, N., Perez-Salicrup, D.R., Putz, F.E., Thomas, D.W., 2006. A standard protocol for liana censuses. Biotropica 38, 256–261]. This protocol marked an important advance in the study of lianas by providing a standard methodology that can be used for liana censuses worldwide, thereby making accurate comparisons among studies possible. During the course of our census, however, we encountered a number of recurring situations that were critical for accurate and repeatable liana censuses, but were not covered in the protocol of Gerwing and colleagues. In this paper, we present a supplemental protocol that covers these additional situations. Our supplement, combined with the protocol developed by Gerwing et al., provides a more complete set of methods with provisions for situations commonly encountered in liana censuses.