Adherence of Prime-Time Television Advertising Disclosures to the “Clear and Conspicuous" Standard: 1990 vs. 2002

Mariea Grubbs Hoy, University of Tennessee - Knoxville
J. Craig Andrews, Marquette University

Published version. Journal of Public Policy & Marketing, Vol. 23, No. 2 (Fall 2004): 170-182. DOI. © American Marketing Association. Used with permission.


In 1990, one-fourth of all national television commercials contained disclosures, yet none of the disclosures adhered to all of the Federal Trade Commission’s “clear and conspicuous” standard (CCS). As a result of marketplace changes and a 2001 Federal Trade Commission and National Advertising Division joint workshop, the authors anticipate an increase in the number of disclosures and greater adherence to the CCS. The authors find a significant increase in disclosure incidence; however, adherence declines or remains unchanged for most individual guidelines. Finally, the authors provide public policy implications and offer suggestions to increase adherence to the CCS.