Human Factors Engineering and Ergonomics: A Systems Approach


Human Factors Engineering and Ergonomics: A Systems Approach


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Although still true to its original focus on the person–machine interface, the field of human factors psychology (ergonomics) has expanded to include stress research, accident analysis and prevention, and nonlinear dynamical systems theory (how systems change over time), human group dynamics, and environmental psychology. Reflecting new developments in the field, Human Factors Engineering and Ergonomics: A Systems Approach, Second Edition addresses a wide range of human factors and ergonomics principles found in conventional and twenty-first century technologies and environments. Based on the author’s thirty years of experience, the text emphasizes fundamental concepts, systems thinking, the changing nature of the person-machine interface, and the dynamics of systems as they change over time.

Publication Date



Taylor & Francis (CRC Press)


Boca Raton


Other Psychology | Psychology


Table of Contents

Introduction to Human Factors and Ergonomics
Entry of Human Factors and Ergonomics
Broader Themes in the Text
Criteria of Human Factors
Discussion Questions

Elements of Human Factors Analysis
Allocation of Function
Human Error and System Reliability
Usability Testing
Communication, Information, and Entropy
System Events Change Over Time
Discussion Questions

Classical Psychophysics
Basic Psychophysical Scaling
Signal Detection Theory
Fuzzy Signal Detection Theory
Multidimensional Stimuli
Discussion Questions

Visual Displays
Sense of Vision
Principles of Display Design
Signs of Importance
Illumination and Glare
Discussion Questions

Auditory and Tactile Displays
Sense of Hearing
Nonverbal Auditory Displays
Speech Displays
Tactile Displays
Discussion Questions

Organization of Human Memory
Types of Decisions
Cognitive Workload
Automatization of Cognitive Processes
Degrees of Freedom in Cognitive Task Organization
Dynamic Decisions and Situation Awareness
Cognitive Analyses of a Person–Machine System
Discussion Questions

Psychomotor Skill and Controls
Reaction or Response Time
Learning and Skill Acquisition
Types of Manual Controls
Feedback and Controls
Voice Controls
Discussion Questions

Anthropometry and Work Space Design
Body Measurements
Safety and Related Concerns
Physical Abilities
Some Common Biomechanical Issues
Computer Workstations
Discussion Questions

Stress and Human Performance
Nature and Types of Stress
Physical Stressors
Social Stressors
Speed and Load Stress
Consequences of Stress
Work Schedules
Consequences of Stress
Stress and Performance Dynamics
Discussion Questions

Occupational Accidents and Prevention
Causes of Death and Injury
Structural Risk Models
Group Dynamics, Safety Climate, and Resilience
Accident Prevention Programs
Emergency Response
Discussion Questions

Human–Computer Interaction
The Changing Nature of the Interface
Memory Enhancements
Visual Displays
Auditory and Multimedia Displays
The Internet and the Web
Virtual Reality
Emotions in Human–Computer Interfaces
Discussion Questions

Programming, Artificial Intelligence, and Artificial Life
The Evolution of Programs
Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems
Smart Integrated Systems
Large-Scale Integrated Systems
Artificial Life
Validation Issues
Discussion Questions

Complex Systems
NDS and Complex Systems
Real-World Complexity
Evolutionary and Revolutionary Change in Systems
Collective Intelligence
Group Coordination
Safety in Complex Systems
Discussion Questions 238

Environmental Design
The Great Outdoors
Playing in Traffic
Outer Space
Discussion Questions

Human Factors Engineering and Ergonomics: A Systems Approach