Document Type




Format of Original

10 p.

Publication Date



American Psychological Association

Source Publication

Journal of Applied Psychology

Source ISSN



A model of the relationship between work and family that incorporates variables from both the work-family conflict and social support literatures was developed and empirically tested. This model related bidirectional work-family conflict, family instrumental and emotional social support, and job and family involvement to job and life satisfaction. Data came from 163 workers who were living with at least 1 family member. Results suggested that relationships between work and family can have an important effect on job and life satisfaction and that the level of involvement the worker assigns to work and family roles is associated with this relationship. The results also suggested that the relationship between work and family can be simultaneously characterized by conflict and support. Higher levels of work interfering with family predicted lower levels of family emotional and instrumental support. Higher levels of family emotional and instrumental support were associated with lower levels of family interfering with work. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved).


Accepted version. Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 81, No. 4 (August 1996): 411-420. DOI. © 1996 American Psychological Association. Used with permission.

Gary A. Adams was affiliated with the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh at the time of publication.

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