Title

Meperidine Attenuates the Febrile Response to Interleukin-1 in Rats

Document Type

Article

Language

eng

Format of Original

5 p.

Publication Date

11-1993

Publisher

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

Source Publication

Nursing Research

Source ISSN

0029-6562

Original Item ID

Shelves: RT1 .N8 Memorial Periodicals

Abstract

Intravenous meperidine is commonly used to treat rigors and chills in febrile patients, though its mechanism of action is unknown. Therefore a laboratory model of pyrogen-induced fever was used to evaluate the effects of meperidine on the febrile response of rats injected with bacterial endotoxin or IL-1[alpha]. Fever was measured using a computerized biotelemetry system forthe continuous monitoring of body temperature. Injection of meperidine blocked the onset of fever in rats injected with endotoxin and attenuated the febrile response in rats injected with IL-1[beta]. Futhermore, incubation of human mononuclear leukocytes (MNL) in the presence of meperidine significantly reduced endotoxin-induced secretion of IL-1[beta] in vitro. These data suggest that meperidine decreases rigors and chills by decreasing the "set point" for fever, perhaps by reducing MNL secretion of IL-1[beta].

Comments

Nursing Research, Vol. 42, No. 6 (November/December 1993): 363-367. Permalink.

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