Postpartum Weight Self-Management: A Concept Analysis
Format of Original
Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
Original Item ID
doi: 10.1891/1541-65126.96.36.199; Shelves: RT1 .S36x Raynor Memorial Periodicals
Aim: The aim of this concept analysis is to create a clear definition and framework to guide weight self-management research and promotion of healthy weight selfmanagement during the postpartum period. Background: A woman’s ability to manage her weight through the postpartum transition has lifelong implications for her weight status. Methods: This concept analysis was guided by Walker and Avant (2005). A broad search of sources was performed, yielding 56 articles in which postpartum weight self-management was the main focus. Results: From consideration of the attributes of postpartum weight self-management, a descriptive, situation-specific theory emerged: Postpartum weight self-management is a process by which the transition to motherhood is viewed by the woman as an opportunity to intentionally engage in healthy weight self-management behaviors by minimizing the salient inhibitors and maximizing the salient facilitators to action. Conclusion: This analysis provides a clarification of the process concept of postpartum weight self-management and its consequences, giving direction for measurement, clinical application, and further research. Future nursing interventions and research should be aimed at helping women to view the postpartum period as a normative transition in which they have the opportunity to take charge of their own health and the health of their family.