Document Type




Format of Original

10 p.

Publication Date



Taylor & Francis (Routledge)

Source Publication

Cognition and Emotion

Source ISSN


Original Item ID

DOI: 10.1080/02699931.2015.1126555


Trauma survivors often experience posttraumatic stress (PTS) and report concurrent difficulties with emotion regulation (ER). Although individuals typically use multiple regulatory strategies to manage emotion, no studies yet examine the influence of a constellation of strategies on PTS in a community sample. We assessed six ER strategies and investigated whether specific profiles of ER (i.e. the typical pattern of regulation, determined by how often each strategy is used) were related to PTS. A hierarchical cluster analysis indicated that four distinct profiles were present: Adaptive Regulation, Active Regulation, Detached Regulation, and Maladaptive Regulation. Further analyses revealed that an individual's profile was not related to frequency of past trauma, but had the power to differentiate symptom severity for overall PTS and each symptom cluster of posttraumatic stress disorder. These findings highlight how profiles characterising multiple regulatory strategies offer a more complete understanding of the ways ER can account for PTS.


Accepted version. Cognition and Emotion. Vol. 31, No. 3 (April 2017): 598-606. DOI. © 2016 Taylor & Francis. Used with permission.

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