The Psychosocial Impact of Tic Disorders: Nature and Intervention
Format of Original
Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
Original Item ID
Tic disorders (TDs) are neurodevelopmental conditions characterized by repetitive movements and vocalizations. Although significant research has been devoted to causes and treatments, comparatively little attention has been devoted to the psychosocial experience associated with TDs. Indeed, TDs significantly impact a variety of psychosocial domains and are often associated with co-occurring behavioral and cognitive problems. Persons with TDs are also viewed negatively by others, which results in peer victimization and other social problems. In order to alleviate negative psychosocial outcomes associated with TDs, psychoeducational and psychotherapeutic efforts have been developed. However, more research is required in order to maximize the effectiveness of such interventions. This paper reviews research related to the psychosocial impact of TDs and intervention efforts designed to ameliorate this impact. Limitations in the current literature and future directions are discussed.