Psychosocial Predictors of Life Satisfaction among Persons Living with HIV Infection and AIDS
Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
As AIDS becomes a more chronic but manageable illness, understanding quality of life issues among persons living with this disease has become an important goal of health care researchers. However, most quality of life investigations of persons living with HIV disease have relied heavily on clinical samples (e.g., hospitalized patients, psychiatric outpatients). The present study sought to identify psychosocial predictors of general life satisfaction in a community sample of 275 persons living with HIV/AIDS in a large midwestern state. Principal components and multiple regression analyses revealed that improved physical/functional well-being, increased social support, more frequent use of active coping strategies, and fewer incidents of AIDS-related discrimination and stigma predicted higher levels of general life satisfaction (R2=.39). Intervention strategies likely to produce higher levels of life satisfaction among persons living with HIV disease are discussed.