Christian Reflection: A Series in Faith and Ethics
Though John Chrysostom, Augustine, and Thomas Aquinas, when reflecting on the creation story, valued all types of creatures, living and non-living, intrinsically for their unique goodness and instrumentally for the sustenance they provide to others, they valued most highly their complex interrelation in the physical world.
Schaefer, Jame, "Valuing the Goodness of Earth" (2012). Theology Faculty Research and Publications. 295.