Date of Award

Fall 1977

Degree Type

Thesis - Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Nursing

Abstract

The intent and purpose of this study was to determine those areas of content the patient perceives as most helpful and necessary prior to his revascularization surgery through the use of a questionnaire especially developed for the study. A consecutive sample of twenty male patients participated in this study. The results of this study showed that there was no statistically significant difference in the items selected as most helpful by patients according to educational level and prior surgical experience. The three key items rated as most helpful by all participants concerned information given on the heart monitor, the breathing tube, and coughing and deep breathing. Another area of informational content considered helpful was revealed through the open-ended question and involved chest tubes their removal. Other areas of information varied according to the degree of importance accorded them by the participants and provided evaluation data for comparison according to educational level and prior surgical experience. This determination of the patients' perceptions of their cognitive needs prior to myocardial revascularization surgery can contribute to the development of more effective preoperative teaching programs which contain the information most important to the patient.

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