Date of Award

Fall 1987

Degree Type

Thesis - Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Nursing

Abstract

Evidence in the literature indicates that a nursing shortage more severe than at any time in the history of nursing will occur within the next three years. It is imperative that nurse administrators develop strategies to retain the present supply of nurses. This literature review determined that the factors that motivate nurses has changed during the past decade. The change in factors is consistent with the change in motivation factors that has occurred with business professionals and is reflective of a change in societal attitudes. A review of the literature identifies nurse retention strategies that have been tested in an organizational setting. This study is a review of the literature that has identified the factors of autonomy, professional advancement and recognition as the critical elements in retaining nurses. Various retention strategies are recommended based on these three critical elements.

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