Document Type

Article

Language

eng

Format of Original

10 p.

Publication Date

12-23-2016

Publisher

Elsevier

Source Publication

Neuroscience Letters

Source ISSN

0304-3940

Original Item ID

DOI: 10.1016/j.neulet.2016.12.032; PubMed Central: PMID: 28025113

Abstract

Recovery from injuries to the central nervous system, including spinal cord injury, is constrained in part by the intrinsically low ability of many CNS neurons to mount an effective regenerative growth response. To improve outcomes, it is essential to understand and ultimately reverse these neuron-intrinsic constraints. Genetic manipulation of key transcription factors (TFs), which act to orchestrate production of multiple regeneration-associated genes, has emerged as a promising strategy. It is likely that no single TF will be sufficient to fully restore neuron-intrinsic growth potential, and that multiple, functionally interacting factors will be needed. An extensive literature, mostly from non-neural cell types, has identified potential mechanisms by which TFs can functionally synergize. Here we examine four potential mechanisms of TF/TF interaction; physical interaction, transcriptional cross-regulation, signaling-based cross regulation, and co-occupancy of regulatory DNA. For each mechanism, we consider how existing knowledge can be used to guide the discovery and effective use of TF combinations in the context of regenerative neuroscience. This mechanistic insight into TF interactions is needed to accelerate the design of effective TF-based interventions to relieve neuron-intrinsic constraints to regeneration and to foster recovery from CNS injury.

Comments

Accepted version. Neuroscience Letters (December 23, 2016). DOI. © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Used with permission.

Available for download on Saturday, December 23, 2017

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