Polymerically Modified Layered Silicates: An Effective Route to Nanocomposites
Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Polymer/clay nanocomposites have been under an extensive investigation for about 15 years. Traditional methods to modify the clay are usually limited to small organic cations, preferably containing long alkyl chain(s), which are exchanged with the inorganic cations in the clay gallery. This article provides a comprehensive review on the strategies for clay modification using polymeric surfactants or polycations: from the synthesis of such surfactants, through the preparation of the polymerically modified clays, and to the fabrication of the respective polymer nanocomposites and their properties.