A Comparison Of Various Methods For The Preparation Of Polystyrene And Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) Nanocomposites
Chemistry of Materials
Polymer−clay nanocomposites of styrene and methyl methacrylate have been prepared by bulk, solution, suspension, and emulsion polymerization as well as by melt blending. Two different organic modifications of montmorillonite have been used: one contains a styryl monomer on the ammonium ion while the other has no double bond. The organic modification as well as the mode of preparation determines if the material will be exfoliated or intercalated. Exfoliation is more likely to occur if the ammonium ion contains a double bond which can participate in the polymerization reaction, but the mere presence of this double bond is not sufficient to always produce an exfoliated system. Solution polymerization always produced intercalated systems. Neither thermogravimetric analysis nor the tensile modulus can be used to evaluate the type of nanocomposite that has been formed.