Thermal stability and flammability characteristics of ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) composites blended with a phenyl phosphonate-intercalated layered double hydroxide (LDH), melamine polyphosphate and/or boric acid
Polymer Degradation and Stability
A phenyl phosphonate-intercalated MgAl–LDH (MgAl–PPh), melamine polyphosphate (MP), and boric acid (BA) were independently and concomitantly added to neat ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) copolymer at loading fractions of 10% (w/w). The structural morphology of MgAl–PPh was established via powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) while the presence of phenyl phosphonate in the galleries was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR). Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and cone calorimetry were used to evaluate the thermal stability and flammability behavior of EVA and its composites. While time-to-ignition is greatly reduced for EVA composites compared to the virgin polymer, there are remarkable reductions in the peak heat release rate (PHRR) which relates to a reduction in flame intensity. Synergistic effects were observed in cone calorimetry for the formulation containing MgAl–PPh, MP, and BA.