Document Type

Article

Language

eng

Format of Original

7 p.

Publication Date

8-1-2016

Publisher

Elsevier

Source Publication

Materials Science and Engineering: C

Source ISSN

0928-4931

Original Item ID

DOI: 10.1016/j.msec.2016.04.039; PubMed Central PMID: 27157760

Abstract

Chitosan (CS), hydroxyapatite (HA), and magnetite (Fe3O4) have been broadly employed for bone treatment applications. Having a hybrid biomaterial composed of the aforementioned constituents not only accumulates the useful characteristics of each component, but also provides outstanding composite properties. In the present research, mechanical properties of pure CS, CS/HA, CS/HA/magnetite, and CS/magnetite were evaluated by the measurements of bending strength, elastic modulus, compressive strength and hardness values. Moreover, the morphology of the bending fracture surfaces were characterized using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and an image analyzer. Studies were also conducted to examine the biological response of the human Mesenchymal Stem Cells (hMSCs) on different composites. We conclude that, although all of these composites possess in-vitro biocompatibility, adding hydroxyapatite and magnetite to the chitosan matrix can noticeably enhance the mechanical properties of the pure chitosan.

Comments

Accepted version. Materials Science and Engineering: C, Vol. 65 (August 1, 2016): 338-344. DOI. © 2016 Elsevier B.V. Used with permission.

Available for download on Wednesday, August 01, 2018

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