DEFECT CHEMISTRY AND INTRINSIC CARRIER CONCENTRATION FOR MERCURY(1-X)CADMIUM(X)TELLURIUM(S) FOR X = 0.20, 0.40 AND 1.0
The theoretical equations governing the crystal-vapor equilibrium for Hg(,1-x)Cd(,x)Te(s) are summarized for a model with doubly-ionized native defects and applied to the data for x = 0.20, 0.40, and 1. The basic equations (Eq. (1) or (22)) are shown to contain those used elsewhere as special cases. Allowing the intrinsic carrier concentration, n(,i), to vary, but under constraints, to obtain an optimum fit and assuming a nondegenerate semiconductor, the hole concentration-mercury pressure isotherms can be fit satisfactorily and better than before with standard deviations between 22 and 24% for x = 0.20 and 0.40. A number of sets of model parameters give these fits, some of which give values as large as 10('16)/cm('3) at 500(DEGREES)C for the square root of the Schottky constant for ionized vacancies. In agreement with experiment, each of these parameter sets for x = 0.20 and 0.40 predicts a negligible dependence of the 77 and 192 K Hall mobilities upon equilibration temperature and predicts that metal saturation between 250 and 300(DEGREES)C with foreign donors in the 10('15)/cm('3) range will result in electron concentrations in the same range and dependent on saturation temperature to less that 26%. The enthalpy to create an "Hg-vacancy" and two holes is an invariant of the fits and is 2.00 (+OR-) 0.04 eV for x = 0.40 and 1.94 (+OR-) 0.02 eV for x = 0.20. Then n(,i) is calculated independently assuming a parabolic valence band and a Kane conduction band. With an exact density of states for the latter obtained here, the momentum matrix element, P = 8.5(10('-8)) eV-cm, the spin-orbit splitting energy, (DELTA) = 1 eV, and E(,g)(x,T) from Hansen et al., the experimental values below 300 K for 0 (LESSTHEQ) x < 0.3 and at high temperature for x = 1 are fit well with m(,h)*/m = 0.70. With these independently calculated values for n(,i) the electron concentration-cadmium pressure isotherms for CdTe can be fit to about 7% for either of two inconsistent data sets assuming 2(10('16))/cm('3) foreign donors. However data for x = 0.40 can be fit to only 42% and that for x = 0.20, which is degenerate, to only 28%.
"DEFECT CHEMISTRY AND INTRINSIC CARRIER CONCENTRATION FOR MERCURY(1-X)CADMIUM(X)TELLURIUM(S) FOR X = 0.20, 0.40 AND 1.0"
(January 1, 1985).
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