Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
The integration of event-related potential (ERP) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) can contribute to characterizing neural networks with high temporal and spatial resolution. The overall objective of this dissertation is to determine the sensitivity and limitations of joint independent component analysis (jICA) within-subject for integration of ERP and fMRI data collected simultaneously in a parametric auditory oddball paradigm. The main experimental finding in this work is that jICA revealed significantly stronger and more extensive activity in brain regions associated with the auditory P300 ERP than a P300 linear regression analysis, both at the group level and within-subject. The results suggest that, with the incorporation of spatial and temporal information from both imaging modalities, jICA is more sensitive to neural sources commonly observed with ERP and fMRI compared to a linear regression analysis. Furthermore, computational simulations suggest that jICA can extract linear and nonlinear relationships between ERP and fMRI signals, as well as uncoupled sources (i.e., sources with a signal in only one imaging modality). These features of jICA can be important for assessing disease states in which the relationship between the ERP and fMRI signals is unknown, as well as pathological conditions causing neurovascular uncoupling, such as stroke.