Foreign Direct Investment Outflows and Business-Cycle Fluctuations

Document Type


Publication Date


Source Publication

Review of International Economics


This paper investigates business-cycle effects for a country’s foreign direct investment (FDI) outflows. Ordinary least squares and panel regressions show that volatility in economic growth has a negative and significant impact on FDI outflows. Furthermore, we find different types of shocks have asymmetric impacts on FDI outflows. In other words, fluctuations of the same magnitude in a boom and a recession have different effects on FDI outflows. This relationship is more evident in OECD countries. We also include exchange rate volatility, lagged business-cycle measure, and control for potential endogeneity problems as robustness checks. Our findings are robust across different specifications.


Review of International Economics, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 146-163 (2007). DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9396.2007.00649.x