Document Type

Article

Language

eng

Format of Original

4 p.

Publication Date

11-2014

Publisher

Mary Ann Liebert Inc.

Source Publication

Journal of Women's Health

Source ISSN

1540-9996

Original Item ID

doi: 10.1089/jwh.2014.4910; PubMed Central: PMCID 4235589

Abstract

There is considerable variability among individuals in musculoskeletal response to long-duration spaceflight. The specific origin of the individual variability is unknown but is almost certainly influenced by the details of other mission conditions such as individual differences in exercise countermeasures, particularly intensity of exercise, dietary intake, medication use, stress, sleep, psychological profiles, and actual mission task demands. In addition to variations in mission conditions, genetic differences may account for some aspect of individual variability. Generally, this individual variability exceeds the variability between sexes that adds to the complexity of understanding sex differences alone. Research specifically related to sex differences of the musculoskeletal system during unloading is presented and discussed.

Comments

Accepted version. Journal of Women's Health, Vol. 23, No. 11 (November 2014): 963-966. The final published version is available from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers here: DOI. © Mary Ann Liebert Inc. 2014. Used with permission.

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