Date of Award

Spring 2011

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Chemistry

First Advisor

Dmitri Babikov

Second Advisor

Michael D. Ryan

Third Advisor

Qadir Timerghazin

Abstract

My thesis focuses on theoretical studies in the molecular quantum computing with vibrational qubits. We studied how the molecular vibrational properties affect the fidelity of the logic gates. Our approach is to encode states of the quantum information register into the vibrational eigenstates of a molecule and use the shaped laser pulse (femtosecond, infrared) to control the vibrational state-to-state transition. By using the Optimal Control Theory to shape a femtosecond laser and numerical propagation of laser-driven vibrational wave packets, we analyzed how the vibrational properties of a two-qubit system affect the accuracy of the quantum gates and how to effectively control the vibrational state-to-state transitions. From these studies, we found the anharmonicities are very important for the control of the vibrational state-to-state transitions and an intricate interplay between the frequencies and anharmonicities in the two-qubit system leads to the occurrence of resonances between different transitions in the vibrational manifold. Such resonances cause "leakage" of population into other vibrational states and hinder the control. From theoretical analysis of resonances, we formulate several criteria for selection of molecule for implementation of the vibrational two-qubit system. These criteria can help experimentalists to choose the best molecules to achieve accurate qubit transformations in the experiment.