Date of Award


Degree Type

Bachelors Essay

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (BA)



First Advisor

Edward Fitpatrick


A critical appreciation of the historical aspects of any contemporary educational movement is important. All modern social programs have their roots in the past. Our modern world is not static. No civilization rests on permanent changeless foundations. All reveal a growing changing organism. Development is the keynote, of what we often presume to call, progress. Movements, which were important a generation ago, have ceased to register a present value. Society is in a constant state of flux, and at no two periods have conditions been the same.


A Bachelor's essay submitted to the Faculty of the Liberal Arts School, Marquette University, in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of Philosophy.

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