Date of Award


Degree Type

Bachelors Essay

Degree Name

Bachelor of Science (BS)


Biological Sciences

First Advisor

F.A. Bautsch


The spiny dogfishes (Squalus) inhabit the North and South temperate zones; they have no anal fins; the points of the small teeth are deflected laterally so ·chat the inner margin forms a cutting edge. Squalus Acanthius is very abundant in British waters and off the Atlantic coast of North America. This group has five gill openings and two dorsal fins each of which is typically preceded by a spine. It reaches a length of four feet, and is a great nuisance to fisherman, eating fish and getting caught in lines or in nets. They are all viviparous. Many Squalidae are inhabitants of deep waters and off the coast of Portugal are caught at depths of 400 or 500 fathoms. The sawfish are closely related to them having the snout produced into a flat blade bearing teeth on either side.


A Thesis submitted to the Faculty of the College of Liberal Arts of Marquette University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of Science

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Biology Commons