Date of Award


Degree Type

Bachelors Essay

Degree Name

Bachelor of Science (BS)



First Advisor

John G. Surak

Second Advisor

John R. Koch

Third Advisor

Virgil Roach


Germanium first came to the author's attention under the heading of "A Study of the Excited States of Matter." The various and diverse, not to mention peculiar properties of this element aroused my interest. But upon further studying of this unusual element my concern switched from its properties to the methods of analysis. It is the purpose of this paper to discuss and correlate the numerous and varied analytical determinations. However, actual determinations are limited to instrumental procedures only.

For the evaluation and interpretation of the date, Statistical Analysis is used. The author's qualification in Statistical Analysis include a year of "Theory of Mathematical Statistics" and a half a year of "Applied Chemical Statistics." In the field of Instrumental Analysis a semester of "Instrumental Analysis of Undergraduates" has been taken.

The purpose of this paper is:

1) The discussion of the problems encountered in the analytical determinations of Germanium.

2) The four "selected" determinations of Germanium.

3) The comparison of the precision between the four determinations.


A Thesis Submitted to the Faculty or Marquette University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of Science

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