Date of Award


Degree Type

Bachelors Essay

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (BA)



First Advisor

John A. McChrystal


The great European conflict from which the following thesis derives its title had a complicated origin, an unprecedented range, and far reaching consequences. The story of its origin reaches back into a period before the actual occasion of the conflict. Whether The Thirty Years War can be regarded as a war for political supremacy or as the inevitable result of deep seated religious differences not to be settled by ambiguous parchment compromises.- or finally as the cautiously prepared opportunity and still more cautiously allowed to mature by the farsightedness of France. We do know that the war gradually absorbed into itself all the local wars of Europe. It thus frequently becomes difficult to judge the chief actors on the scene with either consistency or equity.

The effects of the war were deep and manifold. It ravaged all the Germanies and drained all the resources of those countries whose soil saw little of the righting. The Settlement of the Peace of Westphalia remained for more than a century and a half the norm of the international relations of the European states. and governed the status Imperil and that of its members. Associated with it we find the historical phenomena of the slow but sure decay or Spain, the transfer of her colonial provinces to England, and the enduring control over the political life of western Europe at large, and even over parts of the empire itself by Richelieu, and his disciple Mazarin.


A Thesis Submitted to the Faculty of the College of Liberal Arts of Marquette University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of Philosophy.

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