Format of Original
National Center for Biotechnology Information
Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science
The research paradigm of using large laboratory animals, in which oroendotracheal intubations are relatively easy, is shifting toward the use of small animals, such as rodents, in which oropharyngeal access is limited, the arytenoid cartilage cycles are faster, and the glottis is much smaller. The considerable growth recently seen in preclinical imaging studies is accompanied by an increased number of rats and mice requiring in vivo intubation for airway management. Tracheal access is important for ventilation, administration of inhaled anesthetics, instillation of drugs or imaging agents, and maintenance of airway patency to reduce mortality during and after operations. I fashioned a light-carrying laryngoscopic blade (laryngoscope) from readily available acrylic-polymethyl methacrylate tubing and used it to perform rapid, effective tracheal intubation in rats. The laryngoscope design and intubation techniques are presented.